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Dermatology

Psoriasis Vulgaris: Symptoms, Triggers and Treatment Options

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Medically Reviewed By: Alia Hanif Khan
January 24, 2024No Comments

Updated on January 24, 2024

Understanding Psoriasis Vulgaris

Psoriasis vulgaris, as the name implies, is the most prevalent form of psoriasis. The term “vulgaris” originates from Latin, meaning common. It manifests as scaly, inflammatory patches throughout the body.

This article aims to provide insights into the nature of this kind of psoriasis, explaining its obvious triggers, appearance, and symptoms. It also highlights other forms of psoriasis and describes the available treatment options and the effective management strategies.

For an in-depth understanding of the triggers, symptoms, treatments, and management plan of psoriasis vulgaris, keep on reading.

Overview

Psoriasis affects about 7.5 adults in the US. It is a chronic autoimmune condition and requires appropriate medical attention. In individuals with psoriasis vulgaris, there is an elevated formation of skin cells, that leads to the development of plaque-like areas on the skin.

Several factors can trigger this condition, some of them are mentioned below alongside a plan for their effective management:

Triggers Management Plan
Certain food allergies Food allergies can be avoided by monitoring your diet regularly and discovering changes to minimize the impact of certain foods.
Skin Injury By carefully adopting a gentle skin-care routine, avoiding harsh chemicals, protecting the skin with appropriate sunscreen and clothing.
Stress By practicing stress-reduction techniques to minimize stress, consider incorporating yoga, deep breathing exercises, or meditation.
Medication Under proper medical guidance, medications such as topical corticosteroids, which reduce inflammation and itching may be prescribed.
Infection It can be avoided by sustaining a healthy immune system by regular exercise, adequate sleep, balanced and proper hygiene. 
Smoking To quit smoking, set aside a specific date first. This will give you time to prepare emotionally and mentally.

It is crucial to realize that these triggers can be painful for individuals, however, the condition itself is not contagious.

Symptoms:

Psoriasis vulgaris results in the formation of scales or plaques on the skin areas such as the scalp, knees, hands, feet, face, and elbows. The majority of symptoms include:

  • Inflamed plaques
  • Silvery patches occurring on certain body parts
  • Itchiness
  • Burning
  • Stinging in areas where plaques develop

The appearance of plaques varies according to skin color, such as:

Light Skin: Red or pink skin with silvery-white plaques.

Brown Skin: Silver-white plaques alongside coral-colored skin.

Black Skin: Gray plaques with purplish or darker surrounding skin.

In certain cases, some individuals may opt for treatments to lighten or darken their skin which is caused by depigmentation of the skin.

Levels of Psoriasis Vulgaris

The potential treatment is determined by the severity of the condition. Physicians categorize psoriasis into mild, moderate, or severe cases:

Severity  Percentage of Plaque
Mild Characterized by plaques affecting less than 2 % of the body.
Moderate Includes plaques affecting 3-10 % of the body.
Severe Involves individuals with 10 % or more of their skin developing plaques.

Treatment Options for Psoriasis Vulgaris

It is strongly recommended to seek guidance from your healthcare professionals for personalized advice. Additionally, numerous medical treatment options are available for individuals with this condition, including:

  • Topicals: Healthcare providers may prescribe topical steroids to lessen the swelling and redness associated with plaques. Nonsteroidal treatments, such as those consisting of synthetic vitamin D3 and vitamin A, may also be recommended. Certain over-the-counter medications such as coal tar can readily assist in managing mild psoriasis.
  • Systemics: These are medications that address this condition internally. It can be administered orally in liquid or pill form, or through infusion or injection.
  • Phototherapy: This treatment involves exposing the skin to UV light under medical supervision.

Moreover, various clinical organizations are investigating potential treatment options for psoriasis to enhance the overall condition.

Home Remedies for Psoriasis Vulgaris

Individuals can take several measures to reduce the likelihood of flare-ups associated with this condition at home. These remedies include:

  • Taking care of foods or alcohol known to trigger flare-ups
  • Utilizing corticosteroid creams
  • Quitting smoking
  • Preventing excessive dryness
  • Employing a humidifier to maintain optimal moisture
  • Investing in good skin-care products
  • Using moisturizers to prevent dryness
  • Devoting time to activities you love

Other Types of Psoriasis

Although it is the most prevalent form, there are also other types, such as:

Inverse Psoriasis: It manifests as a red patch in body folds like armpits.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis: A severe type causing itchy rashes.

Palmoplantar Psoriasis: Characterized by painful blisters on hands and feet.

Arthritis Psoriasis: Affects both joints and skin.

Eyelid Psoriasis: Psoriasis affecting the eyelids.

Summary

Psoriasis vulgaris represents the most prevalent form of psoriasis and is incurable. However, effective treatment and management plans are available, assisting individuals in diminishing the severity of plaques or flare-ups with the right approach. Moreover, if individuals suspect they have this condition, it is suggested to consult a healthcare professional near them for a confirmed diagnosis and initiate prompt treatment.

Dr. Zara Khan

Author Dr. Zara Khan

Dr. Zara is a Dentist with expert knowledge in Recruitment tactics. Coupled with her insight into Marketing and her love for understanding medical conditions, she is an integral addition to Revival’s Patient Recruitment Department. She is currently pursuing her MBA in Health and Hospital Management.

More posts by Dr. Zara Khan

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